Details on speckled trout, to include life cycle, spawning and feeding habits.
Speckled Trout are a game fish common throughout the coast of Louisiana. They are typically gray with a purple sheen and have spots or “specks” along their back, hence their name. They have yellow mouths and two pointy teeth on their upper lip. You may hear them being referred to as “specks”, “yellow mouths” or just “trout.” In the rest of the Gulf Coast and the eastern seaboard they are usually referred to as “spotted sea trout.”
Speckled Trout are fun to catch. They thrive in the habitat provided by Louisiana’s many estuaries and this leads to exceptionally high creel limits for recreational fishermen.
In fact, in Louisiana we are allowed to keep 25 speckled trout per person each day. They have to be at least 12 inches long to be legally kept and there is no slot size like there is in other states.
The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries has chosen this number because trout will be able to spawn at least once by the time they are 12″ long.
Given their numbers, Speckled Trout can be caught quickly, sometimes two at a time and one cast after another! Watch the video below to see for yourself.
Speckled Trout are best caught on live shrimp under a popping cork using light tackle. Live shrimp is available most of the year and can be found at local marinas like Campo’s Marina and Breton Sound Marina.
You can learn more by reading this article about good fishing tackle for Speckled Trout. Local fishermen post fishing reports about their speckled trout catches as well as other species.
You can read these reports at Louisiana Fishing Reports to learn the best bait to use and where speckled trout are biting at.
Speckled Trout are also excellent table fare. They are great fried but also do well in light sauce like Trout Almondine.
During the summer Speckled Trout spend their time in larger bodies of water like Breton Sound and Black Bay. They are out there to spawn and tend to spawn heaviest around the full moon.
With the arrival of fall Speckled Trout come back into the marsh and can be found minutes away from the local marinas. They spend their winters hiding in the protection of the marshes before migrating back to the bays and sounds in the spring and summer.
The current Louisiana state record for Speckled Trout is 12.38lbs and was caught by Leon Mattes in May 1950.
Devin is the founder of Louisiana Fishing Blog and enjoys exploring new fishing spots on Louisiana's coast. He prefers using artificial lures and casting tackle, but won't hesitate to break out a popping cork when the time is right.
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